The Nile plays a major role in the countries through which it winds. Egypt and the Sudan have certainly profited from it, but the upstream countries tend to suffer from poverty, and depression because of their inability to gain access to the water’s capacity. While the Nile is responsible for the great civilization of ancient Egypt and the prosperity of Egypt and the Sudan today, it appears to have been the cause of immense strife between the countries it travels through. Perhaps, someday, the countries of the Nile will be able to reach an agreement to equitably share its resources and allow all of them to prosper. One can only hope that with the advancement of technology and the growth of knowledge about the Nile, its people, and its resources, that like Egypt, one day other countries will be seen as “gifts of the Nile”(Moorehead, 1962).